The Republic of Yemen lies
to the south of Arabia ( The Arabian Peninsula, between
latitudes 12 and 20 degrees to the north of the equator,
and 41 and 54 degrees to the south of Greenwich,
bordered on the north by Suadi Arabia on the south
by the Arab Sea and the Gulf of Aden, on the east by the
Sultanate of Oman,and on the west by the Red Sea.
area of the Republic of Yemen exceeds 555,000 km.
population of the Republic of Yemen is 19,700,000.
is the official language of the country, and English
being the most language.
is the official religion It is the religion for the
majority of the population and there is a Jewish
view of its topographical structure, the Republic of
Yemen is divided into.
region with heights ranging
western mountain range represent a large area of the
country. It is called Al-Surat mountains stretching
longitudinally from the north to the south
and transversally from the west to the east
which resembles the lette heights go down in different
directions. They descend sharply west to the
Red Sea, southwards to the Gulf of Aden,
and eastwards and north interior desert areas. In the
mountain heights, stretching from the south, there are
a number of basins (beds), of considerable importance
with large populations, such as Sana,a basin, Yarim
flatland, Sa,da flatland, Alboun flatland,
Aqwat Hadhramout bed and in Mahara. The most prominent
mountains in these heights are the
Attaq, Bayhan, Mukairas, Al- Dhalie, Yafie,
Sabra, Hudhour Alshe and Prophet Shu,aib which lies at
3766m above sea level is the highest spot in Arabia.
area lies to the east and north of the mountainous
heights going to the heights towards the Empty
Quarter. The maximum height of 1000m gradually
descending. Such area is represented by the
Sana,a Al jouf, Shabwa, Hadhramout and Mahara. The out- skirts
of the north overlap with the Empty Quarter.
area includes the coastal plains overlooking the Red
Sea, Arabian Gulf Sea. They are connected to each
other forming a coast that extends from Oman border
westward to Bab Al- Mandab
then changes its direction northward to the
borders of Saudi Arabia, more than 2400km,. long. The
width of the plains range from 30 to 60KM
is a Yemeni desert area located to the north of
Hadhramout and to the south of the western heights.
This area consists of desert plane
with gravel, sand and sandy dunes involving in
vast oases, seasonally
inhabited by wandering nomads because of its
This part of the country consists of islands scattered
along the coasts.
are 120 islands, most of which are located in the Red
Sea. Islands are Kamaran, Greater Hunaish, Minor
Hunaish, the rest of
Zaqar, Zubair, Al- Tayr and the strategic
island of Meon at the Bab AL MANDABB in addition there
are islands located in the Gulf of Aden and the
Arabian sea, largest of which is Soqatra.
Yemen is endowed with varied topography, the climate,
exhibits variation although there are no major seasonal
differences. We can say there are summer and winter.
During summer, the temperature and humidity are
areas, while the climate is moderate during
winter. From time to time the monsoon moderates the
temperature over the coastal areas. In other areas, the
weather is moderate in summer and cold in winter during
but the bright sun rays raise the temperature during the
day making the climate
moderate in these parts of the country.